Download The Fundamentals of Architecture PDF

TitleThe Fundamentals of Architecture
PublisherAVA Publishing
ISBN 139782940373482
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size71.0 MB
Total Pages178
Table of Contents
                            Tittle Page
Copyright
Contents
HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF THIS BOOK
INTRODUCTION
Chapter 1: Placing Architecture
	Site
	Orientation
	Climate
	Materials
	Places and Spaces
	Understanding the City
	Understanding Landscape
Chapter 2: History and Precedent
	A Timeline of Architectural Influences
	The Ancient World
	The Classical World
	The Medieval World
	The Renaissance
	The Baroque and the Enlightenment
	Modernism
Chapter 3: Construction
	Materials
	Elements of Construction
	Prefabrication
	Reinvention
	Sustainability
	Innovative Materials
Chapter 4: Representation
	CAD Drawing
	Sketching
	Scale
	Orthographic Projection
	Perspective
	Three-dimensional Images
	Physical Modelling
	CAD Modelling
	Layout and Presentation
	Storyboarding
	Portfolios
Chapter 5: Contemporary Ideas
	Universal Ideas and Principles
	Functionalism
	Sculpturalism
	Monumentalism
	Zeitgeist
Chapter 6: Realisation
	The Project Timeline
	The Project
	Contributors and Their Roles
	The Brief
	The Concept
	Site Analysis
	The Design Process
	Detail Development
	The Finished Building
CONCLUSION
BIBLIOGRAPHY & WEBOGRAPHY
GLOSSARY
PICTURE CREDITS
INDEX
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
Back Cover
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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Other architecture titles
of interest in AVA’s Academia
range include:

The Visual Dictionary of
Architecture
Basics Architecture 1:
Representational Techniques
Basics Architecture 2:
History & Precedent
Basics Architecture 3:
Realisation
Basics Architecture 4:
Construction
Basics Architecture 5:
Placing Architecture
Basics Architecture 6:
Contemporary Ideas

ava publishing sa
[email protected]
www.avabooks.ch

Lorraine Farrelly is an architect who
coordinates the degree courses in
architecture and interior design at the
School of Architecture, University of
Portsmouth. She has experience of
working on both large-scale and smaller
scale architectural projects. She also
lectures extensively on representation
in architecture, which covers freehand
sketching, physical and CAD modelling
and presentation ideas.

Lorraine is an examiner for many
universities in the UK, has taught
at various European institutions and
has presented her research about
architecture and the European city
at conferences internationally. She has
written about contemporary architecture
and interior design, architectural
drawing, architectural education and
contemporary architecture for both
British and European publications.

The Fundamentals of Architecture is
an invaluable reference book for anyone
seeking an introduction to the basic
concepts and principles that inform
architecture, and the graphic techniques
and language associated with spatial
realisation and experimentation.

This book introduces methods that
consider and explain the process
of architecture, and explains how these
ideas are informed by better understanding
site, context and historical precedent.

Broken down into six chapters, The
Fundamentals of Architecture looks
at placing architecture, the history and
precedent of the discipline, construction
and materials, representation of ideas,
contemporary concepts and realisation.

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FACILITATING OR LIMITING?

At one level, CAD provides an exploratory design tool; different software
packages, used independently or collectively, allow for new initiatives and forms
of expression. CAD also allows for quick translation of ideas because plan and
section drawings can be easily adapted and developed. CAD can also be used to
produce a series of related images, each one providing an additional layer of
information. Collectively the series will form a ‘package’ of information that
will better communicate the concept or construction instructions.

Sometimes, however, the computer can be seen as a limiting factor. The CAD
image renders as a graphic, which can be seductive and impressive, but it’s still
the architecture as built, inhabitable space, that needs to be tested and read as
a believable three-dimensional form.

There are interesting interfaces in the use of CAD; some of the expressions
of the buildings can appear surreal, while other interpretations can sometimes
appear so real and so perfect in their imagery, that one is forced to ask whether
the representation is a photograph of reality or a computer-generated model.

CAD Drawing
Over the last 20 years technological advances have presented a
range of new possibilities for architects. All students now learn
some form of Computer Aided Design (CAD) skills at schools of
architecture and it is now an accepted language in the discourse
of the discipline.

This technological advance has presented a whole new interface
to describe architectural spaces and has allowed new sorts of
architectural forms to evolve.

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89PHOTOMONTAGE

A very effective mechanism in CAD drawing is the photomontage technique. It produces a seductive image that is often
used as a means to convince or demonstrate that the architecture can ‘fit’ any proposed client requirements or is appropriate
for its intended site. Photomontage images are frequently described as artist impressions because they often mix digital
photographs of an existing site with computer-generated models. Photomontage images are essentially ‘stage managed’ by
the designer to obtain the best view or the most impressive angle of the proposed idea The underlying aim of any
representation technique will be to display the concept at its best.

2. New Urban Space
European Studio Photomontage, 2006
Using CAD drawings and photographs of

real places and people can produce an

image that brings together a range of

eclectic representational techniques. This

allows an understanding of how a place or

idea might appear in reality.

3. CAD Photomontage
Here a CAD model is superimposed over a

series of site photographs to suggest the

scale of the proposed building on the site.
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Acknowledgements
This book required the knowledge and support of a variety of
individuals, organisations and resources. Special thanks are due
to Martin, Tom and Ellen for their encouragement throughout.

Thanks are also due to the staff and students of the University
of Portsmouth’s School of Architecture, who have supplied images,
references and useful additional information; particular thanks are
owed to Karl, Nicola and Michelle. Also special thanks to Simon
Astridge for his picture research work.

Thanks also to Design Engine Architects, and in particular
Richard Jobson, for offering to provide the information for the
project featured in Chapter 6.

Thanks are also due to previous tutors who have provided
inspiration, in particular Barry Russell and Jay Potts.

The idea of providing an introductory text to the subject has
been an objective since I started to teach first year architecture,
so, finally I’d like to say thank you to Caroline Walmsley and Brian
Morris at AVA Publishing, who offered me the opportunity to write
and have been consistently supportive and encouraging throughout
the development of the book.

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Page 178

ISBN.29403734890000 ok.eps


FThe Fundamen
tals

o
f
A

rch
itectu

re

an
o
th

er in
th

e A
V

A
A

cad
em

ia series...

L
o
rrain

e F
arrelly

Other architecture titles
of interest in AVA’s Academia
range include:

The Visual Dictionary of
Architecture
Basics Architecture 1:
Representational Techniques
Basics Architecture 2:
History & Precedent
Basics Architecture 3:
Realisation
Basics Architecture 4:
Construction
Basics Architecture 5:
Placing Architecture
Basics Architecture 6:
Contemporary Ideas

ava publishing sa
[email protected]
www.avabooks.ch

Lorraine Farrelly is an architect who
coordinates the degree courses in
architecture and interior design at the
School of Architecture, University of
Portsmouth. She has experience of
working on both large-scale and smaller
scale architectural projects. She also
lectures extensively on representation
in architecture, which covers freehand
sketching, physical and CAD modelling
and presentation ideas.

Lorraine is an examiner for many
universities in the UK, has taught
at various European institutions and
has presented her research about
architecture and the European city
at conferences internationally. She has
written about contemporary architecture
and interior design, architectural
drawing, architectural education and
contemporary architecture for both
British and European publications.

The Fundamentals of Architecture is
an invaluable reference book for anyone
seeking an introduction to the basic
concepts and principles that inform
architecture, and the graphic techniques
and language associated with spatial
realisation and experimentation.

This book introduces methods that
consider and explain the process
of architecture, and explains how these
ideas are informed by better understanding
site, context and historical precedent.

Broken down into six chapters, The
Fundamentals of Architecture looks
at placing architecture, the history and
precedent of the discipline, construction
and materials, representation of ideas,
contemporary concepts and realisation.

T
h
e F

u
n
d
am

en
tals o

f A
rch

itectu
re

L
o
rrain

e F
arrelly

Job No:01117 Title:Funds of Architecture
1ST Proof Page:Cover

Cover,IFC-IBC 01117 9/19/08 1:23 PM Page 1

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