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TitleStreets and Patterns: The Structure of Urban Geometry
Author
File Size11.0 MB
Total Pages333
Table of Contents
                            Book Cover
Title
Contents
Illustration credits
Preface
Introduction
The challenge
Street type and hierarchy
Pattern type
Route structure
Connectivity and complexity
The constitution of structure
Modes, streets and places
From streets to patterns
Conclusions
Appendices
Glossary
Bibliography
Index
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 1

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STREETS &
PATTERNS

Page 332

200, 256; minibuses 179; public
transport 25, 38, 49, 67, 178–81,
198–9, 204, 206–8, 252–3; and
scale 199, 204, 206–8, 255; trains
193, 204; trams, 179, 256; walking
and pedestrian system 9, 25, 38,
49, 66–7, 178, 180, 192, 198–9,
252–3, 256; see also modal
hierarchy, modegram, railways,
segregation

Modernism xi, 9–10, 133; cataclysm
of 3, 183; effect on traditional
street 4, 6, 22; schism of 7, 11;
and transport 6, 8

Morrison, A. 16, 61; classifications
265

Mosborough Master Plan 79–82, 92,
154, 272

neo-traditional urbanism 9, 22, 28, 36,
38–9, 113, 133, 154, 221–3, 225,
227; see also New Urbanism

netgram 140–1; conventions 283;
properties 282

netspace 145, 284
network analysis 108, 117, 167; see

also representation
network function, of a road 60, 65,

204
New Urbanism xi, 9, 21, 28, 38, 92;

see also neo-traditional urbanism
node 29, 100, 116, 130, 277
nodegram 100–1

organic patterns or processes 38–9,
221–2

patterns 27, 36, 293; characteristic
151–5, 222, 291; desired 29, 36;
elemental 81; fractal 148, 285;
grids 31–2, 36–9, 41, 78–9, 84–5,
92, 94–6, 100, 102, 144, 146,
149–50, 152, 174, 177, 224, 245;
and hierarchy 36; pattern of roads
on atlas 59–62; street-pattern-
shape 145–6, 152, 154–5; tartan
grids 236, 256; tree-like patterns
29, 36, 38, 90; tributary 31, 36,
143–4, 149–50, 152, 294;
typologies 75, 78, 271–6

pedestrian – see modes, segregation
permeability 38, 88–9; see also

connectivity
Poundbury 20, 33–4, 39, 145, 154,

174–6; typology 53, 59
professional roles and relationships

6, 7, 10, 13, 22–3, 68, 248; see
also highway engineering

public transport – see modes

railways 3, 4, 179, 237; shinkansen
204;

recursivity 148, 282
reference line 278
regularity 79
representation 108–11, 116–18, 130
reseau 278
rhumb line 278
road and street types 264–9; access

road 25, 48–51, 64, 206; arterial
50–1, 64–5, 291; boulevard 22–4,
45, 52, 170, 202, 216, 239, 246,
249, 256; connector 26–7, 53, 128,
145, 292; distributor roads 21, 25,
34, 48–51, 64–5, 67, 207; sub-
arterial 64–5; trunk road 24, 59,
159, 169–79, 294; see also
classification, route type

road hierarchy 10, 21, 24–5, 33, 36,
159, 165–6, 242–3, 251–2, 293;
'bad' hierarchy 35, 50, 183–4, 186,
218; as basis of constitutional
approach, 223; of distributors
48–50, 64, 66, 169; examples 47,
53, 264–9, 288, 292; 'good'
hierarchy 35, 176–7, 186; Le
Corbusier's 45–6, 67–9; and
pattern 36; principles 46–8;
structure 159–65; see also
articulated route hierarchy,
modal hierarchy, street-based
constitution, transit-oriented
hierarchy

Roman practice 13, 39, 46, 264
route 115, 277, 282, 293
route structure 115, 155, 293
route structure analysis 293;

conventions 277, 282
route type 115, 123, 128, 131, 279
routegram 125, 278

317INDEX

Page 333

safety 3, 12, 15, 47–8, 63, 68, 172,
191–2, 201, 213, 217, 252

scale: and definition of road type
64–6, 68, 184; structures at
different scales 92; and transport
modes 199, 204, 206–8; and urban
status 211–12

segregation 47–9, 66–7, 178, 180,
200

social considerations 194–5, 198
social hierarchy 53, 150
space syntax 111–15, 130
speed 180, 191, 196, 200–6, 247
strategic contiguity 62, 171, 293
stratification 172, 178–9, 293
stratified hierarchy 178–9;

stratification by speed 202–6, 217;
constitutional graph 288

street: as access road 21, 25;
definitions 22, 293; roles of
traditional streets 3, 22–3, 25;
street type and classification
23–4, 26, 34, 52, 54, 64–6, 170,
169–71, 229–30; as 'twig' 159,
169; as urban place 15, 22, 48,
211–13; see also classification,
road and street types

street-based constitution 228–35,
241–3, 248–9

structural conditions 160–4
structure 107, 133, 159, 164–5, 293;

constitutional structure 172–4, 292;
hierarchical structure 159–65; tree
structure 162, 164–5, 169; see also
analogies

sustainability 9, 10, 193; sustainable
development xi; sustainable
transport 192–3, 198

T-junction 38, 96–8, 100, 102, 143–4,
154

taxonomy 90, 294
Thamesmead 127, 150, 172,

174–5
topology 13–14, 87, 90, 108, 114,

117, 253; see also configuration
Tottenham Court Road 1, 3, 10,

185, 244–8

town planning 8, 240, 242, 253–4,
258

traffic calming 9, 255
traffic flow 3, 6, 8, 180, 191, 195–7,

210
Traffic in Towns xiv, 1–3, 5, 10, 15,

48–9, 64, 257, 264; constitutional
graph, 287; constitutional types
170; and environment 211, 216,
247–8; hierarchy of distributors
48–50, 64–5, 159, 184–6; and
transport modes 191–2; tree
analogy 159, 184–5; Venice 65–7,
185–6

transit-oriented arteriality 206–8,
214–17, 229, 253, 294;
constitutional graph 288

transit-oriented hierarchy 204, 206–8,
217, 253, 257

transport: and land use 10, 13–14,
252; and urban design xi, 10–15

transport modes – see modes
transport policy 9, 14, 252–3, 255
tree 153, 294 – see also patterns,

structure
tributary – see patterns
Tripp, H. A. 1, 4–6, 48, 56, 65, 192;

classifications 264, 271
typology 33, 90, 294; see also ABCD

typology; block type; constitutional
type; patterns; road and street type

unchallenged truths 15, 50, 245
urban code – see coding
urban design 1, 3, 9–10, 15, 21,

25–7, 40, 191, 216, 221, 242,
248–9: and transport xi, 10–15

urban destruction 8, 46, 50
urban hierarchy 68, 211–12
urban place 22, 211–13, 246
urban revolution 3, 6, 259;

counter-revolution 9, 15, 257

Venice 65–7, 185–6

walking – see modes

zoning 240, 253, 258

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