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TitlePlanning Urban Places: Self-Organising Places with People in Mind
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Table of Contents
                            Cover
Title
Copyright
Contents
List of figures and tables
Acknowledgements
1 The planning dilemma
2 The perception of place
3 Small world network theory
4 Placemaking
5 Entangled places
6 The evolution of a masterplan
7 Network analysis: A pilot study
8 Conclusion
Index
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Urban change is often difficult because we are dealing with people’s elusive
notions of place and perception, time and change. Urban design and plan-
ning in a changing urban context so that it remains relevant for people is
elusive because the idea of place is embedded in memory and identity –
but whose memory and whose identity? This book seeks to understand
the urban change dynamic so that the planning of urban places aligns with
the dynamic of people’s perception of place.

Planning Urban Places examines the premise that building cities is a
concrete business surrounded by a shifting context. It discusses the notion
of urban design and placemaking from the perspective of place perception
and cognitive psychology, place philosophy and human geography. It also
considers network analysis to help illustrate the self-organising paradigm of
small world network theory for planning urban places.

Mary Ganis has worked as an architect and urban designer in private prac-
tice, government and academia. This diverse experience has enabled her
to integrate urban design practice and theory as well as explore urban design
and planning questions from different perspectives. In 2015 she completed
her second PhD research upon which this book is based.

Planning Urban Places

Page 87

76 Small world network theory

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Page 174

Index 163

Procrustes 32–3, 34, 37, 43
punctuated equilibrium 52–3

quantum mechanics 115
Queensland Performing Arts Centre

(QPAC) 126

Receptacle, The, concept of 48, 49
recession, 1990s 10
reductionism 39
regulatory planning codes see codes,

regulatory planning
relational networks 61, 64–5
Rényi, Albert 60
resilience, definition of 2–3
right-brain thinking 29
River City 2000 consortium 14, 128
Rockefeller Foundation 41

San Francisco, waterfront
redevelopment project 86, 87, 88–9

Sarkar, Somwrita 140
scale free networks 94
schema; see also schemata: abstract

context 31; adaptation 31, 32, 33;
expectations of 32; place, of 40; real-
world context 31

schemata; see also schema: defining 32;
power of, in placemaking 34

Seaside, Florida 95–6
Seaside, Queensland 34–5, 38, 39, 96
self, place, relationship between 27–8
self-organisation: adaptive systems, of

51–2, 100; caveman world, Watts’
53–5; evolution, relationship between
52–3; orchestra metaphor 51;
overview 50; placemaking, in
(see under placemaking); resiliency,
importance of 52; sand pile metaphor
50; self-organised criticality 73, 80;
social groups, human 53; Solaria
analogy (see Solaria); synergetics
concept (see synergetics)

Shannon, theory of information 38–9
Simmel, Georg 57–8
simulations of cities 84, 100
six degrees of separation 59
small world networks 43; Barabasi-

Albert (BA) model 63, 64; brain
activity, relationship to 71 (see
also brain, human); complexity
of networks 61; criticisms of 74;
emergence of 61–2; masterplanning,

relevancy to 47; mesh-like networks
63, 64, 73, 140, 141, 143, 144, 145,
150, 151, 156; network distribution
dynamic 63–4; overview 47, 59–60,
152; phase transition 60–1; relational
networks (see relational networks);
scale free networks 63; self-organised
criticality 73; social network analysis,
relationship to (see social network
analysis); spatial networks (see spatial
networks); strength of ties 60; tree-
like networks 63; URL connectivity
62–3; Watts-Strogatz (WS) small
world network 61–2, 63, 64

SmartCode 86; influence of 91
Snow, Malcolm 146–47
social network analysis: belonging,

sense of 58; cohesive social networks
56–7; criticisms of 106; Milgram’s
experiment 59; multidimensional
scaling analysis (MDS) (see
multidimensional scaling analysis
(MDS); narrow social circles 58;
order and chaos within 57–8; origins
of 56–7; relational approach 57;
relational approaches to 58–9;
six degrees of separation (see six
degrees of separation); small world
networks (see small world networks);
technology, impact of on social
connectivity 74; transportation,
impact of on social connectivity 74;
wide social circles 58

social proximity 74
Solaria 53, 55, 57, 58
somebody, concept of 36–7, 40
South Bank Development Corporation

(SBC) 14, 124, 129, 130–31, 146,
147, 149, 150; see also South Bank,
Brisbane

South Bank, Brisbane: Brisbane
flood 7; community consultation 14;
completion, sense of 14; controversies
of 15, 129; decline of area, initial
7; failures of original plan 147;
governance of 14–15; history of
125–26; leadership 139; masterplan 7,
14, 15, 16, 125, 128, 130, 133,
135, 147, 149, 151, 153; mixed use
135, 150, 151; network analysis
(see network analysis, Brisbane
South Bank); overview of urban
redevelopment 124–25; pedestrian

Page 175

164 Index

infrastructure 148; proposals for
redevelopment 128–29; selection
of masterplan 132; South Bank
Development Corporation (SBC) (see
South Bank Development Corporation
(SBC)); street grids 135; transportation
issues 147–48; vision for 14

space syntax 67–8
spark, ordinary 106
spatial cognition 69–9
spatial networks 61, 64–5, 66
spatial rules of city creation 92
spectral gatherings 115
stasis 37, 52, 93
street networks, urban 68
Sunshine Coast, Queensland 34
sustainability: Docklands, Melbourne,

of (see Docklands, Melbourne); mass
transit, role of 35

sustainable communities 35
Suzuki, D.T. 107
synergetics: defining 51; orchestra

analogy 51; slaving principle of 51, 57

time and memory, relationship
between 118–19

time-space-action dynamic 116–17, 119
tipping point concept 106
topos: Aristotle’s view of 36, 37;

causes of 36; defining 28–9, 29,
30, 31, 36; somebody, relationship
between 36–7, 40; nurturing 37;
reinterpretations of 36

Townscape: concept 37; English
movement 37; place, perception of,
as example of 43; sensory aspect of
37–38

transit, mass: developments,
consideration in 35; sustainability,
role in 35

tribal customs 112

Unmoved Mover concept 50
urban blight. See blight, urban
urban design, new theory of see New

Theory of Urban Design

urban incrementalism 93, 95
urban planners see planners, urban
urban planning: categories of

2; change, planning for 1, 5;
context of 5; defining 1–2;
environmental visions
(see environmental planning);
expectations regarding 4; fixed
constructs of 33; flexibility 3;
future, relationship to the 4;
long-range 5; masterplanning (see
masterplanning); overview 1;
ownership, concept of 4; physical
visions 2; placemaking concept (see
placemaking); policies regarding
(see policies, urban planning); social
visions 2; theories (see specific
theories)

urbanism, new see new urbanism
Utopia 83

Venice 90, 91, 92
Venice Biennale 97–8
Vessel, concept of 48
vitality 120

Washington Square Park 43
Watts-Strogatz (WS) small world

network 61–2, 63, 64, 139; See also
small world networks

Weaver, Warren 41, 42, 99
White, Harrison 58–9
Whitehead 49
will to power, Nietzschean 113
Wilson, Steve 147, 149, 150
World Exposition, Brisbane 14, 15,

124–30, 132, 148; see also South
Bank, Brisbane

Yarra River 11
Yarra’s Edge 10
Yarra’s Water 10

zeitgeist 81
Zen 108, 112
Zeno 49

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