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TitleNightmare Japan: Contemporary Japanese Horror Cinema.
PublisherRodopi
ISBN 139789042023314
CategoryArts - Film
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size4.7 MB
Total Pages232
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Nightmare Japan

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Page 116

Chapter Four:
A Murder of Doves:

Youth Violence and the Rites of
Passing in Contemporaray

Japanese Horror Cinema



Bloody Doves

In their invaluable resource, Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: Horror,
Fantasy, and Science Fiction Films, Thomas Weisser and Yuko Mihara
Weisser use the term ‘dove style violence’ to describe a trend within
contemporary Japanese cinema in which human beings coldly abuse one
another with a detached cruelty reminiscent of ‘certain species of bird’
who, when ‘a flock member is different or weaker…peck at the weakest
bird dispassionately until it’s dead’ (1997: 21, emphasis theirs). ‘Dove
style violence’, however, has yet to receive the critical attention it
deserves, especially in terms of its representation within Japanese cinema
in general and Japanese horror cinema in particular. This chapter seeks to
address this critical oversight by focusing upon, and hopefully initiating
future discussions regarding the bleak, nihilistic, and often graphically
rendered motif of ijime (bullying) and ‘dove style violence’ in Japanese
horror cinema. Of course, bullying is by no means a specifically Japanese
cultural phenomenon, nor is its visual representation limited to works of
filmic horror. Nevertheless, representations of ‘bullying’ and related

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Page 117

104 Nightmare Japan





violence do share visual and narratological logics with popular works of
contemporary international horror cinema; indeed, considering horror
film’s predilection for depicting acts of explicit violence, psychological
torment, and revenge (a motivation central to numerous ‘slasher’ and
rape-revenge story arcs), this chapter’s examination of the deployment of
such physical and psychological persecution is one that is long overdue.

In the pages to follow, this chapter positions Iwai Shunji’s
beautiful (if brutal) meditation on ijime, All About Lily Chou-Chou (Riri
Shushu no subete, 2001), as a catalyst for a detailed exploration of
Matsumura Katsuya’s dark, ultra-violent, and highly controversial All
Night Long series (All Night Long [Ooru naito rongu, 1992], All Night
Long 2: Atrocity [Ooru naito rongu 2: Sanji, 1994], and All Night Long 3:
Atrocities [Ooru naito rongu 3: Saishuu-shô, 1996]).1 As graphic
representations of postmodern alienation and the callous mistreatment of
others taken to their direst terminuses, both All About Lily Chou-Chou
and the All Night Long series approach ijime’s quasi-Darwinian
destruction of the weak by the strong(er) through variably intimate and
harrowing depictions of the shattered lives of desperate, often jaded or
disaffected young people who, as if abiding by the dictates of an
inescapable ‘animalistic’ or ‘human’ nature, perpetrate acts of deliberate
cruelty upon those least able to marshal a defense. In the process, Iwai’s
All About Lily Chou-Chou and Matsumura’s All Night Long series present
viewers with protagonists that embody the most destructive and extreme
consequences of an emerging cultural moment informed by, among other
social conditions: scholastic competition, economic recovery and
recession, and recent shifts in gender codes.

Building from these analyses of the politics of ijime and ‘dove
style violence’, this chapter concludes with a detailed consideration of the
‘sadomasochistic’ splatterfest, Ichi the Killer (Koroshiya 1, 2001), a film
by one of contemporary Japanese cinema’s most inventive filmmakers
and provocateurs, Miike Takashi. Among Miike’s better known films in


1 Since 2002, Matsumura has directed two additional entries into the All Night Long series: All
Night Long 4 (Ooru naito rongu R, 2004) and All Night Long 5: Initial 0 (Ooru naito rongu:
Inisharu O, 2003).


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218 Nightmare Japan



Hino Hideshi 10, 23, 26, 31-4
Honda Ishiro 7-8, 169
Hooper, Tobe 99, 160

I Spit on Your Grave 115
Ichi the Killer 12, 104-5, 125-32
Ikeda Toshiharu 8
Infection 12, 172, 175-8
Ishii Sogo 8

J-Horror Anthology: Legends 172
J-Horror Anthology: Underworld 172
Ju-on: The Grudge 11, 75-7, 92-102, 111
Ju-on 1 76, 173
Ju-on 2 76, 173

Kwaidan 7, 11, 75
Kadokawa Mystery & Horror Tales 172
Kaufman, Lloyd 36
Kim Dong-Bin 2
Kobayashi Masaki 7, 11, 75
Kurosawa Akira 3, 92
Kurosawa Kiyoshi 12, 77, 99, 135, 137,

160-1, 163-6, 168-170, 196
Kuzumi Masayuki 10, 35, 42-3, 47

Last War 8
Lewnes, Pericles 35
Liang Tsai Ming 165
Lifeforce 160
Lost in Translation 174
Lucas, George 3, 92
Lynch, David 140

Magnificent Seven, The 3, 92, 158
Majin: Monster of Terror 7
Man Who Fell to Earth, The 165
Marebito 13, 172, 184-191, 197
Matsubayashi Shuei 8
McNaughton, John 187
Miike Takashi 1, 9, 12, 104-5, 125-33,

184
Ms. 45 115
Muscle 10-11, 49-51, 64-74
My Bloody Valentine 172
Myrick, Daniel 187


N-Girls Vs Vampire 131
Nakata Hideo 2-3, 11, 75-6, 78,

81-2, 84-91, 99-100, 111,
174, 181

Naked Blood 10 –11, 49-64, 70,
73, 139, 196

Nightmare on Elm Street, A 76,
92, 95


One Missed Call 129, 131, 173,

184
Onibaba 7, 11, 75
Oshima Nagisa 69
Ozu, Yasujio 96

Pasolini, Pier Paolo 65-7, 70-3
Peeping Tom 186-7
Pinocchio 964 8
Powell, Michael 186-7
Premonition 9, 12, 172, 176-83
Prom Night 172
Pulse 12, 20, 135, 137, 160-1,

163, 165-9, 173

Raimi, Sam 35
Red Dawn 16
Redneck Zombies 35
Ring 2
Ring, The 3, 173
Ringu 2-3, 11, 75-8, 81-5, 87, 89,

91, 99-100, 111, 174, 181,
Rodan 7
Roeg, Nicholas 165
Salò, or the 120 Days of Sodom

65-7, 70-2
Sánchez, Eduardo 187
Sato Hisayasu 10-11, 21, 49-73,

139, 196
Satoru Ogura 10, 21, 23, 26-31,

33, 35
Scary True Stories 8
Scorsese, Martin 165
Scott, Ridley 60
Shindô Kaneto 7, 11, 75
Shutter 173
Silent Night, Deadly Night 172

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Page 232

Index 219



Sono Sion 12, 135-6, 142-53, 161, 165,
169, 186

Spontaneous Combustion 160
Star Wars 3, 92
Sturges, John 3
Suicide Circle 12, 135-7, 142-53, 161,

165, 169
Suzuki Norifumi 23

Tabe Hajime 10, 35-7, 39-43
Tale of Two Sisters, A 173
Tarr, Bela 42
Taxi Driver 165
Terror Train 172
Texas Chainsaw Massacre, The 160
Them! 139
Throne of Blood 2
Tetsuo: The Iron Man 8, 140, 143, 186,

193
Tetsuo 2: Body Hammer 193
Tromeo and Juliet 35
Tsukamoto Shinya 8-9, 13, 140-1, 143,

172, 184-6, 191-8
Tsuruta Norio 8-9, 12, 172, 176-83

Uzumaki 12, 94, 135-6, 153-60, 169, 181

Verbinski, Gore 3, 99-100
Vital 13, 172, 184, 191-8
Von Trier, Lars 42

What Time Is It There?

165
Wong Kar-Wai 42, 165
Wraith, The 15

Yau, Herman 1

Zarchi, Meir 115
Zebraman 131

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