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TitleMateri TOEFL
File Size222.4 KB
Total Pages13
Table of Contents
                            but
but
Skill I:  BE SURE THE SENTENCE HAS A SUBJECT AND A VERB
	SUBJECTS AND VERBS
Skill 2: BE CAREFUL OF OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
	OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
	APPOSITIVES
	PRESENT PARTICIPLES
	PAST PARTICIPLES
	COORDINATE CONNECTORS
		and 	but	or	so	yet
	ADVERB TIME AND CAUSE CONNECTORS
		TIME
		CAUSE
		as 	now that
		because
	OTHER ADVERB CONNECTORS
		CONDITION
		CONTRAST
		MANNER
		PLACE
		if
		although
		as
		Where
	NOUN CLAUSE CONNECTORS
	 what, when, where, why, how	 whatever, whenever
	 whether, if		 that
		I know 		  what 		you did
		What 	   you did 	was wrong.
	NOUN CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS
	who		what		which
	whoever		whatever	whichever
		I know 		          what 	        happened.
		What	              happened	was great.
	ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTORS
	Whom
	which
	that
		
		I liked the book	                 which 	                  you recommended.
		The book	     which 	         you recommended 	was interesting.
	ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS
	Who
	which
	that
		
		She needs a secretary		who 		   types fast.
		A secretary 		      who 		types fast is invaluable.
	REDUCED ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
	with a be-verb in the adjective clause
	(ADJECTIVE CONNECTOR/SUBJECT)                      (BE)
	with no be-verb in the adjective clause
	( ADJECTIVE CONNECTOR/SUBJECT}                    (VERB + ING)
	REDUCED ADVERB CLAUSES
	with a be-verb in the adverb clause
	(ADVERB CONNECTOR)      (SUBJECT)        (BE)
	with no be-verb in the adverb clause
	( ADVERB CONNECTOR)     (SUBJECT)    (VERB + ING)
	To reduce an adverb clause, omit the subject and the be-verb from the adverb clause.
	INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH QUESTION WORDS
		What 		are 	they?
	INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH PLACE EXPRESSIONS
	When a place expression at the front of the sentence is necessary to complete the sentence, the subject and verb that follow are inverted.
	When a place expression at the front of the sentence contains extra information that is not needed to complete the sentence, the subject and verb that follow are not inverted.
	In the classroom, 	I studied very hard.
	INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH NEGATIVES
	INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH CONDITIONALS
	INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH COMPARISONS
	SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
	SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER EXPRESSIONS OF QUANTITY
	SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER INVERTED VERBS
	SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER CERTAIN WORDS
	PARALLEL STRUCTURE WITH COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS
                        

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