Table of Contents
Skill I: BE SURE THE SENTENCE HAS A SUBJECT AND A VERB
SUBJECTS AND VERBS
Skill 2: BE CAREFUL OF OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS
and but or so yet
ADVERB TIME AND CAUSE CONNECTORS
as now that
OTHER ADVERB CONNECTORS
NOUN CLAUSE CONNECTORS
what, when, where, why, how whatever, whenever
whether, if that
I know what you did
What you did was wrong.
NOUN CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS
who what which
whoever whatever whichever
I know what happened.
What happened was great.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTORS
I liked the book which you recommended.
The book which you recommended was interesting.
ADJECTIVE CLAUSE CONNECTOR/SUBJECTS
She needs a secretary who types fast.
A secretary who types fast is invaluable.
REDUCED ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
with a be-verb in the adjective clause
(ADJECTIVE CONNECTOR/SUBJECT) (BE)
with no be-verb in the adjective clause
( ADJECTIVE CONNECTOR/SUBJECT} (VERB + ING)
REDUCED ADVERB CLAUSES
with a be-verb in the adverb clause
(ADVERB CONNECTOR) (SUBJECT) (BE)
with no be-verb in the adverb clause
( ADVERB CONNECTOR) (SUBJECT) (VERB + ING)
To reduce an adverb clause, omit the subject and the be-verb from the adverb clause.
INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH QUESTION WORDS
What are they?
INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH PLACE EXPRESSIONS
When a place expression at the front of the sentence is necessary to complete the sentence, the subject and verb that follow are inverted.
When a place expression at the front of the sentence contains extra information that is not needed to complete the sentence, the subject and verb that follow are not inverted.
In the classroom, I studied very hard.
INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH NEGATIVES
INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH CONDITIONALS
INVERTED SUBJECTS AND VERBS WITH COMPARISONS
SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT WITH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES
SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER EXPRESSIONS OF QUANTITY
SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER INVERTED VERBS
SUBJECT/VERB AGREEMENT AFTER CERTAIN WORDS
PARALLEL STRUCTURE WITH COORDINATE CONJUNCTIONS