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TitleElements of Visual Design in the Landscape
PublisherSpon Press
ISBN 139780415325189
LanguageEnglish
File Size8.3 MB
Total Pages230
Table of Contents
                            Book Cover
Half-Title
Title
Copyright
Contents
Acknowledgements
Preface to the first edition
Preface to the second edition
Foreword
Introduction
Introduction
	A framework for an aesthetic structure
	Patterns in the landscape
	The importance of a visual vocabulary
	The design process
	How to use this book
		Basic elements
		Variables
		Orgainzation
	References
chapter 1  BASIC ELEMENTS
1 Basic elements
	Point
	Line
	Plane
	Volume
	Combinations of elements
chapter 2  VARIABLES
2  Variables
	Number
	Position
	Direction
	Orientation
	Size
	Shape (form)
	Interval
	Texture
	Density
	Colour
	Time
	Light
	Visual force
	Visual inertia
chapter 3  ORGANIZATION
3  Organization
	Objectives of design
		Unity
	Diversity
		Genius loci
	Spatial cues
		Nearness
		Enclosure
		Interlock
		Continuity
		Similarity
		Figure and ground
	Structural elements
		Balance
		Tension
		Rhythm
		Proportion
		Scale
	Ordering
		Axis
		Symmetry
		Hierarchy
		Datum
		Transformation
chapter 4  CASE STUDIES
4  Case studies
	Case study 1:  Museum of Civilization, Ottawa, Canada
		The site
		Origins of the design
	References
	Case study 2:  Powerscourt, Co Wicklow, Ireland
	Case study 3:  Strathyre Forest, Stirlingshire, Scotland
References and further reading
	Aesthetics and design principles
	Colour
		Genius loci
	Landscapes and landscape design
	Ecology and design
	Forest design
Index
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 2

Elements of Visual Design in the Landscape

Page 115

An example of a forest pattern that seems to reflect visual forces in landform, being
concentrated in the valleys and rising up the hollows, while the ridges remain bare of forest.
Yosemite National Park, California, USA.

Two forms which are visually extremely stable and inert.

A low, flat, predominantly horizontal building, which is visually inert in comparison to the
surrounding buildings. Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh, Scotland.


NUMBER 105

Page 116

chapter 3
ORGANIZATION

OBJECTIVES OF DESIGN

DIVERSITY

SPATIAL CUES

STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

ORDERING

Page 229

Strathyre Forest, Stirlingshire 175–9
streams 23, 24, 153
strips 100, 101
structural elements 91, 128, 186

balance 128–31
proportion 137–41
rhythm 134–5, 136
scale 141–2, 143, 144, 145, 146
tension 131–3

sublime 51
Sutherland 59
Sydney Opera House 48
symbolism 9

axis 147, 148
Canadian Museum of Civilization 167
disorientation 49
point 20, 21
position 46
scale 144

symmetry 91, 146, 148–50, 151, 186
balance 128, 129

tactile 186
Taj Mahal, India 150
tension 131–3, 186

organization 91
position 42, 43, 44
shape 55
and visual force 83, 84, 85

Teotihuacan, Mexico 147, 148
texture 39, 63–4, 65, 66–8, 186

Canadian Museum of Civilization 168,
170
and density 69–70, 71
similarity 122
Strathyre Forest 176, 179

tides 78, Plate 15
time 39, 77–9, 186, Plate 14, Plate 15

continuity 118, 119
datum 156, 158
deep 9
transformation 159, 161

top-lit 80, 82, 186
transformation 91, 146, 159, 160, 161, 186
tree line 25, 186
trees

continuity 120

density 69
direction 47, 48
enclosure 112
interval 61, 62, 63
nearness 109, 111–12
number 40
open volumes 30, 31
as points 20, 21
shape 56, 59
size 52, 53
texture 66–7
vertical planes 26, 27
visual force 84
volume 28, 29
see also forests

triads 73
Turner, J.W.M. 104
Tuscany Plate 4

unity 91–6, 186
and diversity 97, 100–1
Strathyre Forest 177–8
and visual force 83, 87

urban landscapes
axis 147
continuity 121
density 70, 71
diversity 100
interval 61, 63
texture 68
transformation 161
unity 92, 95–6
volume 30

value 71, 73, 74, 155, 186
Varanasi, India 108, 109
variables 14, 19, 39

colour 71–7
density 69–71
direction 46–7, 48
interval 60–1, 62, 63
light 80–2
number 39–42
orientation 49–50 variables (continued)
position 42–6
shape 53–4, 55, 56–60
size 51, 52, 53

INDEX 219

Page 230

texture 63–4, 65, 66–8
time 77–9
visual inertia 87–8

Venice 68
Versailles 157
vertical position 42, 43
vines 67
visible spectrum 186
visual force 39, 82–5, 86, 87, 186

interlock 118
position 42, 43, 44

visual inertia 39, 87–8, 186
volumes 19, 28–30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 186

datum 156, 158
interlock 116, 118
shape 53, 54, 57–9

waterfalls 105
waves 46, 47
Whitehead, Alfred North 6–7
wind 46, 47, 48
wind turbines

colour 77
interval 63
number 41, 42
position 44

woods see forests
Wordsworth, William 105–6

Yorkshire Dales 24
Yosemite National Park, California 34, 87

Zen gardens 46

220 INDEX

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