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TitleEastern Medieval Architecture: The Building Traditions of Byzantium and Neighboring Lands
PublisherOxford University Press, USA
ISBN 139780190272739
File Size87.7 MB
Total Pages811
Table of Contents
                            Eastern Medieval Architecture: The Building Traditions of Byzantium and Neighboring Lands
Table of Contents
Author’s Preface
Introduction: Historical Architecture East and West
Part I: Late Antiquity. Third to Seventh Centuries
1 Rome, the Domus Ecclesiae, and the Church Basilica
2 A Tale of Two Cities: Constantinople and Jerusalem in the Time of Constantine
3 Ritual Settings I: Liturgy, Initiation, Commemoration
4 Ritual Settings II: Pilgrimage, Relics, and Sacred Space
5 Makers, Methods, and Materials
6 Regional Developments, East and West
7 Secular Architecture: Cities, Houses, and Fortifications
8 Innovative Architecture
9 The Basilica Transformed: Hagia Sophia in Constantinople
10 Justinian’s Building Program and Sixth-Century Developments
Part II: The Transitional Period. Seventh to Ninth Centuries
11 The Transitional Period within Byzantium
12 Transformation at the Edges of Empire
Part III: The Middle Byzantine Centuries. Ninth to Twelfth Centuries
13 New Church Architecture and the Rise of Monasticism
14 Secular Architecture and the Fate of the City
15 Constantinople as an Architectural Center
16 Master Builders and Their Craft
17 Development of Regional Styles I: Middle Byzantine Greece and Macedonia
18 Development of Regional Styles II: Middle Byzantine Anatolia
19 Development of Regional Styles III: The Caucasus: Armenia and Georgia
20 Contested Lands: Architecture at the Time of the Crusades
21 The Exotic West: Venice, Southern Italy, and Sicily
22 Exporting a Culture/Importing a Culture: Bulgaria, Kievan Rus’, and Serbia
Part IV: The: Late Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Centuries. Thirteenth to Sixteenth Centuries
23 The Difficult Thirteenth Century
24 Palaiologan Constantinople and a New Architectural Idiom
25 Old and New: Greek Cities and Landscapes
26 Regional Diversity: Bulgaria, Serbia, and Romania
27 Rival Powers: The Ottomans and Russia
Epilogue: An Enduring Legacy
For Further Research
Document Text Contents
Page 2



Page 405


buried.43 Like the Kosmosoteira, the church at
Studen ica was given “an extension . . . on account
of the tomb,” bringing it into close visual and
audial range of the liturgical center. And as with
the new design of the Pammakaristos, the new
design of Studenica proved popular, with similar
plans developed at other sites in medieval Serbia
for founders’ tombs.

What is signi�cant in the examples just dis-
cussed is that new architectural forms were created
in order to satisfy the special requirements of burial

43 S. Ćurčić, “Medieval Royal Tombs in the Balkans: An Aspect of
the ‘East or West’ Question,” GOTR 29 (1984): 175–94.

and that, once introduced, the new forms gained
acceptance and were repeated. While none of the
examples represents a radical departure from estab-
lished architectural forms, they nevertheless dem-
onstrate how architecture could respond to social
concerns. And while the last example, the Church
of the Virgin at Studenica, is not in Constantinople,
it returns us to themes with which we began—
most notably the prestige of the capital. Is the
extended plan of Nemanja’s church an example of
prestige bias? One wonders if the funerary chapel
at the Pantokrator might have set the example for
the merging liturgical and burial areas within a
royal monastic foundation.

Page 810

Valenzano (Apulia, Italy), Ognissanti, Church
of the, 511–12

Vamvaka (Mani, Peloponnese, Greece),
Theodores, Church of Sts., 399, 425,
426, 427

Van, Lake (Armenia, now eastern Turkey), 456
Van Millingen, Alexander, 247
Vandals, 38, 102, 123, 167, 225
Vardar River (see Axios River)
Varna, Crusade of, 667
Vasili III, Grand Prince of Moscow, 692
Vassal, 722
Vatatzes, John II Doukas, Emperor of Nicaea, 563
Vault, 722
Vaulting systems, structural aspects of, 94–97

Formwork, wooden, 97, 98
Tie beams, wooden, 92, 93, 97
Tie rods, iron, 97, 97
Tubi fittili, 44, 98, 99

Venice (Italy), 508, 512–516, 561, 562
Nicolò di Lido, Monastery of San, 514
Marco, Basilica of San, xxi, 382, 400, 508,

514–516, 515
Murano, Maria e Donato, Church of Santi,

516, 517
Pala d’Oro, 370
Torcello, Maria Assunta, Cathedral of Santa,

512, 512, 513
Torcello, Fosca, Church of Santa, 512–13,

513, 514
Veljusa (North Macedonia), Eleousa, Church of

the, 313, 319, 321, 359, 409–10, 410, 550
Verde antico/verde antique, 722
Veroia (Macedonia, Greece), Old Metropolis,

408–09, 409, 537
Victor, Bishop of Ravenna, 222
Villehardouin, Geoffrey of, Crusader historian,

571, 573
Villehardouin, William II of, Prince of

Achaea, 632
Villehardouin Dynasty, 572, 574
Vita, 722
Vitalis, St., 221, 222
Vitebsk (Russia, now Belarus), 543
Visigoths, 38, 102
Vita, Fra, Franciscan friar and master builder

from Kotor, 659
Vitruvius, architect, xxv, 81, 84, 87, 381
Vize (Thrace, Turkey), Sophia, Hagia, 249, 250,

252, 255, 261

Vladimir (Russia), Dormition Cathedral, 545,
692, 693

Vladimir, Virgin of (icon), 547
Vladimir (the Great), Prince of Kievan Rus’,

540–41, 542
Vladimir-Suzdal (Russia), Principality of, 545
Volute, 722
Voronet ̧(Moldavia, Romania), George, Church

of St., 673, 673, 674
Votive, 722
Voussoirs, 722

Wadi, 722
Walid, al-, Umayyad Caliph, 290
Wallachia (Romania), Region of, 649, 667, 679
War of 1812, 708
Wauwatosa (Wisconsin, United States),

Annunciation, Church of the, 708, 709
William I, Norman King of Sicily, 523
William II, Norman King of Sicily, 523, 526
Wind-blown capitals, 722
World War I, 431
Wright, Frank Lloyd, architect, 707–08
Würzburg, John of, Crusader author, 487

Xenodochia, 722

Yantra River (Bulgaria), 650
Yemrehane Kristos (Ethiopia), Church of,

297, 299
Yeroskipou (Cyprus), Paraskevi, Church of St.,

283, 290
Yusuf, Emir of Azerbaijan (Sajid), 456

Zagorsk (Russia), Trinity and St. Sergius,
Monastery of, 702

Dormition, Cathedral of the, 702
Zahir, al-, Fatimid Caliph, 481
Zakomary, 722
Zarakas (Peloponnese, Greece), Cistercian

monastery at, 572
Zawiya, 722
Zeno, Emperor, 65, 134, 175, 179
Zirid Court (Tunis, Tunisia), 519
Zromi (Georgia), Ascension, Church of the,

270, 271, 272, 273
Zvenigorod (near Moscow, Russia),

Dormition, Cathedral of the, 690
Nativity of the Virgin, Church of the

(Monastery of St. Sava), 690, 691


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