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TitleCreating Great Places: Evidence-Based Urban Design for Health and Wellbeing
ISBN 139780367257460
File Size18.7 MB
Total Pages213
Table of Contents
Half Title
About the Authors
Introduction: Why Evidence-Based Design?
Part I Six Critical Theories for Contemporary Urban Design
	1 Affordance Theory: Take Your Cue
	2 Prospect-Refuge Theory: Now You See Me, Now You Don’t
	3 Personal Space Theory: Keep Your Distance!
	4 Sense of Place Theory/Genius Loci: Locating the Magic
	5 Place Attachment Theory: Fostering Connections
	6 Biophilic Design Theory: The Healing Power of Nature
Part II Applying Design Theory to Global Priorities
	7 Salutogenic Design: Promoting Healthy Living
	8 Child-Friendly Design: Where Young People Thrive
	9 Age-Friendly and Inclusive Design: Designing for Everyone
	10 Sustainable Design: Radically Redesigning Our Built Environment
	Conclusion: Creating Great Places through Theory-Storming
Recommended Readings
Document Text Contents
Page 2

This book provides a bold vision and roadmap for creating great places.
Imagining and designing urban environments where all people thrive is
an extraordinary task, and in this compelling narrative, Cushing and
Miller remind us that theory is a powerful starting point. Drawing on
international research, illustrated case studies, personal experiences, as
well as fascinating examples from history and pop culture, this practical
book provides the reader with inspiration, guidance and tools. The first
section outlines six critical theories for contemporary urban design –
affordance, prospect-refuge, personal space, sense of place/genius loci,
place attachment, and biophilic design. The second section, using their
innovative ‘theory-storming’ process, demonstrates how designers
can create great places that are inclusive, sustainable, and salutogenic.
Creating Great Places is an insightful, compelling, and evidence-based
resource for readers who want to design urban environments that inspire,
excite, and positively transform people’s lives.

Debra Flanders Cushing is Associate Professor in Landscape Architecture
within the School of Design at Queensland University of Technology
in Brisbane, Australia. With expertise in landscape architecture and
community planning, Debra worked as a design practitioner before
focusing on teaching and research in academia. Debra is passionate about
promoting evidence-based design within multi-disciplinary initiatives
to create parks and urban environments that better support health and
wellbeing for all people, especially children and youth.

Evonne Miller is Professor and Director of the QUT Design Lab in the
School of Design at Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane,
Australia. Drawing on her background in environmental gerontology and
design psychology, her research focuses on creating sustainable, inclusive
and age-friendly places. Evonne has published widely in the fields of
urban design, population ageing, climate change and sustainability, and
is a passionate advocate for creative arts-based participatory research.

Creating Great Places

Page 106

Biophilic Design Theory 97

Kellert, S. R., Heerwagen, J. & Mador, M. (2008). Biophilic Design: The Theory,
Science, and Practice of Bringing Buildings to Life. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley.

Kellert, S. & Wilson, E. O. (1993). The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington, DC:
Island Press.

Kuo, F. & Sullivan, W. (2001a). Environment and Crime in the Inner City: Does
Vegetation Reduce Crime? Environment and Behavior 33(3): 343–367.

Kuo, F. & Sullivan, W. (2001b). Aggression and Violence in the Inner City. Envi-
ronment and Behavior 33(4): 543–571.

Lawson, B. (2010). Healing Architecture. Arts & Health, 2(2): 95–108.
Maggie’s Centres (2015). Maggie’s Architecture and Landscape Brief. Retrieved

Maggies_architecturalbrief_2015.pdf (accessed December 1, 2018).

Matsunaga, K., Park, B., Kobayashi, H. & Miyaazaki, Y. (2011). Physiologi-
cally Relaxing Effect of a Hospital Rooftop Forest on Older Women Requiring
Care. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 59(11): 2162–2163.

Newman, P. (2014). Biophilic Urbanism: A Case Study on Singapore. Australian
Planner 51(1): 47–65.

Sarkar, C., Webster, C. & Gallacher, J. (2018). Residential Greenness and Preva-
lence of Major Depressive Disorders: A Cross-sectional, Observational, Associ-
ational Study of 94,879 Adult UK Biobank Participants. The Lancet Planetary
Health 2(4): e162–e173.

Shackell, A. & Walter, R. (2012). Green Space Design for Health and Well-Being.
Edinburgh: Forestry Commission.

Totaforti, S. (2018). Applying the Benefits of Biophilic Theory to Hospital Design.
City, Territory and Architecture 5(1): 1–9.

Ulrich, R. (1984). View Through a Window May Influence Recovery from Sur-
gery. Science 224: 420–421.

United Nations (2015). World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 revision. New
York: United Nations. Retrieved from (accessed
January 12, 2019).

Van den Bosch, M. & Bird, W. (2018). Oxford Textbook of Nature and Public
Health: The Role of Nature in Improving the Health of a Population. Oxford:
Oxford University Press

Wilson, E. (1984). Biophilia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Page 107

Page 212

Index 203

water 62, 65; and biophilic design
85, 87, 88, 89, 91, 94, 95, see also

Watkins, D. H. 6
wayfinding 20, 121, 142, 143, 153,

154, 155
weather 89; and shelter 31, 32
Weeds (TV show) 54
Welcome to Your World (Goldhagen)

well-being 3, 12, 13, 50 – 51, 67,

75, 106, 141, 177 – 179, 181; and
contact with nature 81 – 84, 96; and
prospect-refuge theory 32 – 35; and
sustainable development 160, see
also salutogenic design

WGBC (World Green Building
Council) 165

wheelchair users 28, 91, 138, 143,
145, 148, 152, 153, 154, 157

WHO (World Health Organization)
3, 103, 105 – 107, 127; on age-
friendly/inclusive design 138, 149;
Healthy Cities initiative 106 – 107

Whyte, William H. 12, 35, 48, 186

wicked problems 3 – 4
Wilding, M. 168
Wildlife Trust 80
Williams, Robin 17
Wilson, Edward O. 80, 81, 84, 189
WOHA (architectural firm) 89, 91
Wong Mun Summ 91
woonerf (Netherlands) 122
workplaces 9, 47, 51 – 52; and

biophilic design 83 – 84, 88
World Architecture Network

Sustainable Buildings Award 174
World Architecture News Small

Spaces Awards 64
World Economic Forum 164
World Green Building Council

(WGBC) 165
Wright, Frank Lloyd 85, 86, 185

Young, Lyndsey 50
youth 2, 4, 50, 121

Zalige bridge (Netherlands) 55, 63,
65, 95

zoos 40

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