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TitleChristmas at the Movies: Images of Christmas in American, British and European Cinema
PublisherI. B. Tauris
ISBN 139781860643972
CategoryArts - Film
Author
LanguageEnglish
File Size11.0 MB
Total Pages257
Table of Contents
                            Christmas at the Movies
	Cover
	Cinema and Society Series
	Title Page
	Copyright
	Contents
	Illustrations
	Acknowledgements
	General Editor’s Introduction
	Contributors
	Introduction
		The Development of Christmas
		Christmas and the Birth of Cinema
		The Idea of Christmas and Cinema
		Notes
	God Bless Us, Every One: Movie Adaptations of
		Notes
	A Hollywood Carol’s Wonderful Life
		An Independent Life (the Ghost of Christmas Present): 1946
		The Ghost of Capra’s Past
		The Ghost of Christmas Future: The Triumph of the Hollywood Carol Since 1974
		Notes
	Dreaming of Christmas: Hollywood and the Second World War
		A Woman’s Place
		Christmas in the Context of War
		Christmas in the Past
		Christmas and the Returning Soldier
		Conclusion
		Notes
	Christmas Under Fire: The Wartime Christmas in Britain
		The Documentary Vision:
		and
		Christmas Fictions:
		and
		Conclusion
		Notes
	Crisis at Christmas: Turkey Time,
The Holly and the Ivy, The Cheaters
		Notes
	Santa Claus: The Movie
		Santa Claus: American
		Santa Claus as Modern Christ
		Santa Claus is Coming to Town
		Kris Kringle and the American Way
		‘Happy Christmas to all, and to all a good-night’: Conclusion
		Notes
	You Better Watch Out: Christmas in the Horror Film
		Notes
	‘Peace on Earth, Goodwill to All Men’: The Depiction of Christmas in Modern Hollywood Films
		The Family Entertainment Film – Fun for All the Family?
		The Action-Adventure Film – for Men Only?
		Notes
	Christmas in French Cinema
		Christmas in France
		The Moral Voice
		The Ironic Voice
		Conclusion
		Notes
	Father Frost on 31 December: Christmas and New Year in
	Soviet and Russian Cinema
		About Christmas, New Year and other Carnivals
		Silent Night: Christmas before the Revolution
		The Soviet New Year Party
		Gift-giving and merry-making in post-Soviet Russia
		Notes
	Satirizing the Spanish Christmas:
Pl·cido (Luis García Berlanga 1961)
		The Plácido Narrative
		The Group
		Works Cited
	Filmography
	Index of cast, crew, characters and film locations
		(Character names shown in ) Note, author names are given in the general index
	General Index
                        
Document Text Contents
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Christmas at the Movies

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Page 128

Crisis at Christmas: Turkey Time, The Holly and the Ivy, The Cheaters 113
the irresponsible (Turkey Time). But Christmas works its magic and its
centrality to the cultures of both Britain and America is rousingly
affirmed.

Notes
1. Robertson Hare, Yours Indubitably (London: Robert Hale, 1956), p 115.
2. Ben Travers, A-Sitting on a Gate (London: W.H. Allen, 1978), pp 98–9.
3. Ibid., p 91.
4. Ibid., pp 93, 94.
5. Ibid., p 97.
6. Ibid., p 111.
7. Michael Balcon, A Lifetime of Films (London: Hutchinson, 1969), p 92.
8. Film Weekly (6 April 1934).
9. Ibid. (7 December 1934).

10. I am indebted to Laurie Ede for providing information about the filmed Aldwych
farces.

11. BFI microfiche Turkey Time.
12. John Sedgwick, ‘Cinema-going Preferences in Britain in the 1930s’ in Jeffrey Rich-

ards (ed.), The Unknown 1930s (London: I.B. Tauris, 1998), p 18.
13. George Orwell, ‘The Art of Donald McGill’, Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters 2

(Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1971), pp 193–4.
14. Ibid., pp 193–4.
15. John Miller, Ralph Richardson (London: Sidgwick and Jackson, 1955), p 144.
16. Charles Duff, The Lost Summer: The Heyday of the West End Theatre (London: Nick

Hern Books, 1995), p 77.

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Page 256

General Index 241
It’s a Wonderful Life

history of, 39–40, 41, 45–46
links with A Christmas Carol, 39, 52, 53,

55, 136
plot, 43–45
production of, 42–43, 46
radio version 55

Japan, Christmas in, 1
James, M.R., 136

Kris Kringle, 3, 118–119

liberty, see freedom
lighting, use of, 17, 21, 82, 84, 127
London

adaptations of A Christmas Carol, 13,
16–18, 27

depiction of in films, 79, 83, 85–86, 93
see also Aldwych farce, Ealing comedies

love and faith, 120–121, 171, 172,
194–195, 220

materialism, 73, 108, 121–123, 133, 150,
165–166, 181, 188, 190, 201

marketing, 57, 64, 144
merchandising, 31
military film units, 79, 84
miracle, use of, 53, 54, 60, 111, 119, 136,

175, 181, 203, 204
mise-en-scene, 27, 47, 93, 212, 218
monsters, 138, 175–176
morality, 85, 103–105, 123, 140, 150, 166,

168, 170, 175, 177
see also Production Code
musicals, 65, 192, 201
music in films, 21, 24, 25, 83, 108, 148,

162, 169, 171, 195, 201, 203, 214
see also songs, carols

narrative, 47, 60, 61, 83, 90, 160, 172, 179,
215–216, 218

narrator, use of, 15, 79–80, 84, 147
national anthem, use of, 18, 92
national identity/unit, 87, 116, 165–166,

170, 214
see also patriotism, community

nativity, 7, 72, 108, 135, 146, 165, 175,
177, 180

New Year, 165, 175, 185–186, 192, 194,
195–197, 199, 201, 203

nostalgia, 7, 64–65, 68, 69, 91, 125–126,
145, 170

‘Old New Year’ (Russia), 188, 196
see also New Year

oppositions, 47, 126, 146, 170, 178
optimism, 77, 171
Orwell, George, 104–105

pantomime, 3, 6, 81, 151, 167
pastorales (French nativity plays), 168
pastoral ideology, 50, 71, 80, 81, 131, 170,

214
patriotism, 65, 68, 79, 92
photographic imagery, 18, 92, 201
political context of films, 22–23, 28, 42,

90, 91, 127, 172, 191, 193, 195, 208,
217

present-giving, 6, 13, 30, 63, 71, 74, 78, 81,
104, 127, 141–142, 153, 165, 179,
187, 197, 199–201

production, 42, 144
Production Code, 47, 62
Protestant church, the, 2, 167
Puritanism, 104, 127

race, representation of, 157, 159–160
radio, 4, 18, 52, 68, 71
rationing, 23, 69, 78, 123
realism, 50, 120, 162, 171, 215
reform, see repentance and redemption
religion and religious imagery

as part of Christmas, 2, 12, 13, 93, 139,
166, 168, 175, 186, 188, 200, 211

in films, 3, 18, 41, 80–84, 104, 107, 119,
129, 146–147, 152, 153, 170, 206

repentance and redemption, 9, 11, 45, 50,
62, 68, 72, 91, 111, 220

ritual, 78–79, 87, 187, 190
romance, 64–66, 71, 73, 92, 171, 172, 180,

194, 195
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 10, 52, 124, 204
rural life, see pastoral
Russia

as ally, 86
Christmas in, 5, 185–190
films from, 191–209

Santa Claus
ancestry/development of, 3, 6,

115–116, 118, 166, 176

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242 Christmas at the Movies
belief in/existence of, 115, 119, 120,

132, 204
death of, 121, 138
depiction of in films, 25, 75, 115–135,

139, 151, 176
French opposition to, 166
Mrs Santa Claus, 160
‘psycho’ Santas, 139–141
religious connection, 119–122, 133, 139

Saint Nicholas, 3, 117, 119
see also Santa Claus

Scrooge, film adaptation of, see A
Christmas Carol

Second World War, impact of 4, 41,
59–76, 77–79, 166

servants, 91, 103, 112
sets, 18, 27, 69, 102, 202
sexuality, 92, 179, 180, 212, 219
shopping, 81, 85, 105, 108, 126, 139,

153–155
‘slasher’ films, see horror
small-town America, 19, 47, 50, 52, 61, 63,

74, 138
snow, 66, 67, 68, 70, 73–74, 86, 103, 112,

118, 159, 173, 182
Snow Maiden, the, 186, 188, 192, 200, 204
social comment/criticism, 10, 11, 16,

22–23, 28, 40, 46, 61, 140, 158, 178,
193, 207, 217

social realism, 42, 55, 77, 87, 133, 150,
191, 203, 219

social significance
of Dickens, 10, 11, 13
of films, 17, 19, 22–23, 28, 197

songs, use of in Christmas films, 7, 25,
65–68, 69–70, 149, 182, 194, 195,
203

see also carols, music in films
Soviet Union, see Russia
Spain, Christmas in, 4, 211–212
Spanish film/cinema, 212–220
special effects, 17, 157, 177
speeches, 88, 90–91, 92, 138, 179, 202
Stalin, 204, 208
subversion, see inversion

suicide, 41, 45, 51, 137, 138, 174, 178,
180–182

supernatural beings
use of at Christmas, 5, 11, 136, 208
depiction of, 17, 23, 25, 29, 30, 31, 121,

137, 191, 196, 198, 205
suspense, 136–137
symbolism, 77, 87, 94, 147, 161, 170, 172,

176, 217

television
effect of, 29–30, 39, 138
films for, 24, 53, 199, 202, 212
satellite and cable, impact of, 144

Thatcherism, 28, 32
transgenerational movies, see family films
’Twas the night before Christmas, 117, 158

Victorian Christmas, 2, 12–13, 33, 69, 187
video, impact of, 144
violence, use of, 6, 145–146, 150–153,

156, 159, 160, 167, 174, 180–182

Wall Street Crash, the, 39, 52
war

cinema during the war, 78
imagery, 67, 69, 70–71, 77, 80–81, 83,

84, 88, 179
heroes, 71, 72, 73, 105
impact of, 55, 59–60, 65
propaganda films, 49, 67, 78, 79, 91

wartime films,
based in war zones, 84
British wartime films, 77–95
discussion of, xi, 4, 5, 73, 74
post-war reflective films, 91, 178

welfare state, 22–23, 28
White Christmas, 66, 67, 68
Wise Men, The, 211
women

and sexuality, 92, 174
depiction of, 61, 64, 69–70, 72, 73, 74,

85, 88–90, 103, 160, 161, 174, 191
effect of war on, 59, 69, 90, 92

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