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TitleArchitecture: Form, Space, and Order
File Size56.6 MB
Total Pages466
Table of Contents
                            Cover
Title Page
Copyright Page
CONTENTS
Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction
1 Primary Elements
	Primary Elements
	Point
	Point Elements
	Two Points
	Line
	Linear Elements
	Linear Elements Defining Planes
	From Line to Plane
	Plane
	Planar Elements
	Volume
	Volumetric Elements
2 Form
	Form
	Properties of Form
	Shape
	Primary Shapes
	Circle
	Triangle
	Square
	Surfaces
	Curved Surfaces
	Primary Solids
	Regular & Irregular Forms
	Transformation of Form
	Dimensional Transformation
	Subtractive Form
	Subtractive & Additive Forms
	Additive Form
	Centralized Form
	Linear Form
	Radial Form
	Clustered Form
	Grid Form
	Formal Collisions of Geometry
	Circle & Square
	Rotated Grid
	Articulation of Form
	Edges & Corners
	Corners
	Surface Articulation
3 Form & Space
	Form & Space
	Form & Space: Unity of Opposites
	Form Defining Space
	Horizontal Elements Defining Space
	Base Plane
	Elevated Base Plane
	Depressed Base Plane
	Overhead Plane
	Vertical Elements Defining Space
	Vertical Linear Elements
	Single Vertical Plane
	L-Shaped Configuration of Planes
	L-Shaped Planes
	Parallel Vertical Planes
	Parallel Planes
	U-Shaped Planes
	Four Planes: Closure
	Four Planes: Enlosure
	Openings in Space-Defining Elements
	Openings within Planes
	Openings at Corners
	Openings between Planes
	Qualities of Architectural Space
	Degree of Enclosure
	Light
	View
4 Organization
	Organization of Form & Space
	Spatial Relationships
	Space within a Space
	Interlocking Spaces
	Adjacent Spaces
	Spaces Linked by a Common Space
	Spatial Organizations
	Centralized Organizations
	Linear Organizations
	Radial Organizations
	Clustered Organizations
	Grid Organizations
5 Circulation
	Circulation: Movement through Space
	Circulation Elements
	Approach
	Entrance
	Configuration of the Path
	Path-Space Relationships
	Form of the Circulation Space
6 Proportion & Scale
	Proportion & Scale
	Material Proportions
	Structural Proportions
	Manufactured Proportions
	Proportioning Systems
	Golden Section
	Regulating Lines
	Classical Orders
	Renaissance Theories
	Modulor
	Ken
	Anthropometry
	Scale
	Visual Scale
	Human Scale
	A Scalar Comparison
7 Principles
	Ordering Principles
	Axis
	Symmetry
	Hierarchy
	Datum
	Rhythm
	Repetition
	Transformation
Conclusion
A Selected Bibliography
Glossary
Index of Buildings
Index of Designers
Index of Subject Matter
EULA
                        
Document Text Contents
Page 233

ORGANIZAT ION / 217

CENTRALIZED ORGANIZATIONS

Greenhouse House, Salisbury, Connecticut, 1973–1975, John M. JohansenNational Assembly Building, Capitol Complex at Dacca, Bangladesh,

begun 1962, Louis Kahn

Page 234

218 / ARCH I TECTURE : FORM, SPACE , & ORDER

A linear organization consists essentially of a series

of spaces. These spaces can either be directly related

to one another or be linked through a separate and

distinct linear space.

A linear organization usually consists of repetitive

spaces which are alike in size, form, and function. It

may also consist of a single linear space that organizes

along its length a series of spaces that differ in size,

form, or function. In both cases, each space along the

sequence has an exterior exposure.

Spaces that are functionally or symbolically important

to the organization can occur anywhere along the

linear sequence and have their importance articulated

by their size and form. Their significance can also be

emphasized by their location:

Because of their characteristic length, linear

organizations express a direction and signify move-

ment, extension, and growth. To limit their growth,

linear organizations can be terminated by a dominant

space or form, by an elaborate or articulated entrance,

or by merging with another building form or the

topography of its site.

L INEAR ORGANIZATIONS

Page 466

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