Download American Cinema/American Culture PDF

TitleAmerican Cinema/American Culture
PublisherMcGraw-Hill
CategoryArts - Film
Author
Languagerussian
File Size25.3 MB
Total Pages481
Table of Contents
                            Cover Page
Title Page
Copyright Page
Dedliction
Contents
Preface
Introduction
PART 1 THE MODE OF PRODUCTION
	CHAPTER 1 THE EMERGENCE OF THE CINEMA AS AN INSTITUTION
		“The Cathedral of the Motion Picture”
		Developing Systems: Society and Technology
		Edison and the Kinetoscope
			Capturing Time
			Peepshows versus Projectors
		Mass Production, Mass Consumption
			A Public Spectacle
			Middle-Class Amusements
			The Nickelodeon: A Collective Experience
			Cleaning Up: The Benefits of Respectability
		Spectacle and Storytelling: From Porter to Griffith
			The Camera as Recorder
			The Camera as Narrator
			The “Feature” Film
		Presenting . . . the Movie Palace
			“Gardens of Dreams”
			The Great Showmen
		An Evolving Institution
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 2 CLASSICAL HOLLYWOOD CINEMA: NARRATION
		A National Style
			“The Temper of an Age . . .”
			A Narrative Machine
		Equilibrium and Disruption
		Characters and Goals
			Problem Solving
			Through Time and Space
		High Artifice, Invisible Art
			Denial and Recognition
			Underlying Patterns
		Analyzing Film Narratives: Segmentation
		A Circular Pattern: Chaplin’s The Gold Rush
			Symmetry
			At the Center: Imagination
		Journey to a New Place: Some Like It Hot
			Flight and Pursuit
			Narrative Structure and Sexuality
			Resolution/Irresolution
		Modernist Narration: Citizen Kane
			Unresolved Questions
		Segmentation of Citizen Kane
			Artifice Exposed
		The Social Network: “The Citizen Kane of John Hughes Movies”
			Multiple Points of View
			Collective Authorship of an Idea
			A Moral Tale
		Other Nontraditional Narratives
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 3 CLASSICAL HOLLYWOOD CINEMA: STYLE
		Film Form and Character Development
			Classical Economy: The Opening Sequence of Shadow of a Doubt
			The Art of Details
		Mise-en-Scène
		The Camera
			Meaning through Context: Camera Angle and Distance
			Systematic Meaning: Some Definitions
			Camera Movement
		Lighting
			Three-Point Lighting
			High-Key/Low-Key Lighting
			Star Lighting
		Sound
			Miking and Mixing
			The Musical Score
			Sound and Continuity
		Editing from Scene to Scene
			Transitions
			Editing and Narrative Structure
		Editing within Scenes
			Matches
			Point-of-View Editing
			The 180-Degree Rule
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 4 THE STUDIO SYSTEM
		Manufacturing Dreams
			Movies and Mass Production
			Intangible Goods
		The Majors and the Minors
			Origins
			Vertical Integration
			Block Booking, Blind Bidding, and Runs, Zones, and Clearances
		Studio Production: From Story Idea to Ad Campaign
			Under Contract
			A Self-Contained World
			The Chain of Command
		Studio Style
			M-G-M and Paramount
			Warner Bros.
			20th Century-Fox
			RKO
			Columbia Pictures
			Universal Pictures
			Poverty Row
		Collapse: The End of the Studio Era
			Divestment, Independent Production, and a Changing Marketplace
			Starting from Scratch: The New “Studios”
		Select Filmography: From Four Sample Studios
	CHAPTER 5 THE STAR SYSTEM
		The Mechanics of Stardom
			Making Stars
			Star Power
			Persona
			Stardom and Mass Culture: From Persona to Star
			Stars, the System, and the Public
		Stars and Culture: A Historical Survey
			The Early Years
			Exoticism, Eroticism, and Modern Morality: Stars of the 1920s
			Depression/Repression: The 1930s
			World War II and Its Aftermath
			Stars and Anti-Stars
			Different Faces: The Rise of Black Stars
			Economics and Contemporary Stardom
		Select Filmography
PART 2 GENRE AND THE GENRE SYSTEM
	CHAPTER 6 SILENT FILM MELODRAMA
		The Origins of Melodrama
		Types of Melodrama
			The Melodramatic Mode
			A Moral Phenomenon
			Democratic Virtue
		A Social Vision
			Melodrama as a Tool of Reform
			Politics and Melodrama
		Two Film Melodramatists: Griffith and Vidor
			An Agrarian Past
			History as Melodrama: The Birth of a Nation
			Everyman/No Man: The Crowd
		Escape and Transcendence
			Home as “Seventh Heaven”
			The Lure of the City: Sunrise
		Sound and Melodrama
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 7 THE MUSICAL
		From Narrative to Musical Number
			Setting the Stage
			Narrative Reality
			Musical Reality
			Shifts in Register
			Chicago
			Nine
		Narrative and Musical Number: Degrees of Integration
		Musical Forms
			Backstage Musicals
			Busby Berkeley Musicals
			Moulin Rouge
			Showpeople
		Transformation of Space: Performer, Props, Audience
			Performer
			Props
			Audience
		Stylistic Registers
			From Black-and-White to Color
			From Noise to Music
		The Operetta
		The Astaire–Rogers Musical
		The Integrated Musical
			The Freed Unit
			Singin’ in the Rain
		Ideology and the Musical
		The End of an Era
		A New Era Begins
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 8 AMERICAN COMEDY
		Laughter and Culture
			Comedy, Repression, and Cultural Dreamwork
			From Racism to Social Integration
			Comic Disintegration and Disorder
			Containing Chaos
			Comedy, Class, and Democracy
		A Short History of American Screen Comedy
			Silent Comedy
			Early Sound Comedy
			Screwball Comedy
			After the Screwball
			Alienation and Self-Reflection: The 1960s and Beyond
			From Animal Comedies to Ironic Romantic Comedies
			Geek Comedy
			Serious Jokes
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 9 WAR AND CINEMA
		A World of Extremes
		Breaking Rules
			A Suspension of Morality
			Deviant Narratives: From Individual to Group Goals
		Sexual Combat: Masculinity in the War Film
			Oedipal Battles
			Conventional Homoeroticism
			Masculine/Feminine
			Back from the Front
		Crossovers: War and Genre
		The Battle for Public Opinion: Propaganda and the Combat Film
			Preaching War and Peace
			Mass Conversion: The Politics of Sergeant York
			Why We Fight: Education and the War Film
			The Vietnam Reversal
		Race, Ethnicity, and the War Film
		Conflicted: The Psychic Violence of War
			The Enemy Is Us
			The Aftermath
		The 1991 Gulf War and World War II Redux
			The Gulf War
			World War II
		The Iraq War
		Mediation and Representation
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 10 FILM NOIR: SOMEWHERE IN THE NIGHT
		Made in the USA
		Film Noir: Genre, Series, or Mode?
			Noir as Genre: A Set of Conventions
			Noir as Series: A Certain Style
			Noir as Mode: An Uneasy Feeling
		Noir Aesthetics, Themes, and Character Types
		Noir Stylistics: A Shift in Perspective
			American Expressionism
			From Disturbing Conventions to Conventional Disturbances
		Noir and the Production Code
			Forbidden Subjects, Twisted Treatments
			The End of Censorship, the End of Noir?
		Innocence Lost: The Literary Origins of Film Noir
			Hard-Boiled Fiction
			The Detective Hero
			Noir and Verbal Wit
		Women in Film Noir
			Women as Social Menace
			Women as Psychological Terror
		A Critique of Populism
			New Culture, Old Myths
			Capra and Film Noir
		Film Noir: An Undercurrent in the Mainstream
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 11 THE MAKING OF THE WEST
		The American Film Genre par Excellence
		Frontiers: History and Cinema
			Frederick Jackson Turner and the 1890s
			“. . . Print the Legend”
		The Literary West
			Dime Novels and Pulp Magazines
			From Natty Bumppo to Shane
			Bundles of Oppositions
		Adaptation: When East Meets West
			Bowlers to Bucksins
			Feminine Transformations
			Teaching a Tenderfoot
			Women, Civilization, and Nature
		On Native Ground: Landscape and Conflict
			A Struggle for National Identity
			From Wilderness to Garden
			A Clash of Cultures: Cowboys and Indians
			Native Images, White Values
			Out of Time Anti-Heroes
		Contemporary Visions, Enduring Myths
			Back to the Garden
			Unforgiven
			Dead Man
			True Grit
			Periods of Popularity
		Ambivalence: Land, Technology, and Utopia
		Space: The Final Frontier
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 12 HORROR AND SCIENCE FICTION
		Horror versus Science Fiction
			The Two Things; Alien versus Aliens
			“What If?” or “Oh No!”
		What It Means to Be Human
			Human versus Animal; Human versus Machine
			Borderline Figures
			Human versus Nonhuman
		A Search for Knowledge
			The Horror Film
			The Science Fiction Film
		Self and Other
			The Return of the Repressed
			The Threat of the Other
			Emotions and the Other
			Human Takeover
		How We Became Posthuman
		Sources of Cultural Anxieties
			Horror and Class
			The Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution
		Genres of Science Fiction
			Extrapolative versus Speculative
			Utopian versus Dystopian
		A Brief History of Horror
			Classic Horror
			Modern Horror
			Modern Horror and the American Family
			Modern Horror and Gender
			A Case Study in Modern Horror: Carrie
		A Brief History of Science Fiction
			1930s Science Fiction
			1950s Science Fiction
			1970s Science Fiction: Lucas and Spielberg
			Posthuman Science Fiction
			A Case Study in Posthuman Science Fiction: Blade Runner
		The Posthuman as Affirmation of the Human
		Select Filmography
PART 3 A POSTWAR HISTORY
	CHAPTER 13 HOLLYWOOD AND THE COLD WAR
		Origins: Communism, Hollywood, and the American Way
			Revolution and Repercussion
			In the Red: The Depression Era
			Antifascists, Populists, and “Dupes”
			World War II and Government Policy
		Inquisition: HUAC, McCarthy, and the Hollywood Ten
			Friends and Foes
			“Are You Now or Have You Ever Been . . .?”
			Blacklisting
			Alger Hiss, the Rosenbergs, and Senator McCarthy
			Naming Names
		The Cold War Onscreen
			Pro-Soviet Wartime Films
			The Anti-Commie Cycle
			Us versus Them: Science Fiction and Paranoia
			God and Country
			Subversions
			Chaplin in Exile
			In Defense of the Informers: On the Waterfront
		Aftermath
			The Fight Continues
			Win, Lose, or Draw?
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 14 HOLLYWOOD IN THE AGE OF TELEVISION
		The Big Decline: Hollywood Loses Its Audience
		At Leisure: Recreation in Postwar America
			The Role of Television
			Do Something! Passive Entertainment versus Action
			The House, the Car . . .
			. . . The Drive-In
		Fewer, Bigger, Wider, Deeper
			This Is Cinerama
			The 3-D Assault
			CinemaScope
			Todd-AO and the Theatrical Experience
		War with Television, Peace with Its Revenues
			From Villain to Partner
			Panning and Scanning: Making CinemaScope Fit on TV
			DVDs and Widescreen TV
			Movie-“Going”
		Spectacles
			Big Event Pictures
			Digital Cinema and Digital 3-D
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 15 THE 1960S: THE COUNTERCULTURE STRIKES BACK
		Youth and Challenge
		The Kennedy Era
			“The New Frontier”
			The Civil Rights Movement
			Against the War
			Liberation: The Women’s Movement
		Projections: Women on the Screen
		Youth Films: Activism as Lifestyle
		“Solving” the Race Problem
		On the Offensive: Money, Films, and Changing Morality
			Controversy and Conservatism
			A New Vocabulary
			Live Fast, Die Young: Bonnie and Clyde
			Sex, Violence, and Ratings
			The Great Teen Pic: Easy Rider
		Transformation: The Counterculture Goes Mainstream
		Blaxploitation and Beyond
			An Emerging Black Audience
			A Revolutionary Film: Sweet Sweetback’s Baadasssss Song
			Outlaws or Role Models?
		Split Screen: The Two 1960s
		Rejuvenation
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 16 THE FILM SCHOOL GENERATION
		The New Wave
		The Auteur Theory: Directors as Stars
			Cahiers du cinéma and Andrew Sarris
			Retrospective: America Discovers Its Cinematic Past
			The Critic as Filmmaker
			Training Ground: The Rise of Film Schools
		The Color of Money: Young Directors and the Box Office
			Youth Films and Economics
			The Roger Corman School
			Exploitation on a Grand Scale
		References, Meaning, and Postmodernism
			The Art of Allusion
			De Palma and Hitchcock
			“The Failure of the New”
			Schizophrenia and Incoherence
			A Postmodern Case Study: Taxi Driver
		Reassurance: Comfort, Comics, and Nostalgia
			A Return to Innocence
			Opposing Visions
			Back in Time
			Contradictory Impulses
		The Brat Pack
		The Reagan Years
			“This Time Do We Get to Win?”
			Physical Culture: Biology as Destiny
		Another Generation
		Select Filmography
	CHAPTER 17 INTO THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY
		Contradictions: From the Gipper to Blue Velvet
		Reaganite Cinema: “Morning in America”
			Regeneration
			Nostalgia: Coming of Age in the Past
			Paradise Lost/Paradise Regained
			Striking Back
		Castles in the Air: Reimagining Traditional Institutions
			Having It Both Ways
			Being All That You Can Be
			Oedipus with a Happy Ending: The Return of the Father
			Parents and Babies: A Wide Spectrum
		Countercurrents
			Martin Scorsese: Against the Grain
			The Gay New Wave
			Spike Lee: Into the Mainstream
			Jim Jarmusch and Julie Dash: On the Fringe
			Independent Cinema
		Into the Twenty-First Century
			Hollywood in the Information Age: Game Logic
			Computers and Boolean Logic
			Fantasy Films
			The Digitization of the Cinema
			Digitization and Fantasy
			Digital 3-D: Avatar
			Seeing through Fantasy
		Select Filmography
	Glossary of Technical and Other Terms
	Index
                        

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